Reading Noah Smith's post of a conversation with a finance industry insider, I realized there's another good way to see if you are dealing with a framework or not. In Noah's post there are references to Heath-Jarrow-Morton and Cox-Ingersoll-Ross. In other venues we have Diamond-Dybvig, Woodford-Eggertsson, Solow-Swan, Schmitt-Grohe and Uribe, Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans, etc.
However the use of names (and specific papers) is an indicator that there aren't general principles or ideas that make up frameworks that can be used to generate names for these models.
There are some squishy cases. For example, DSGE is sometimes referred to in terms of an "original" implementation as Kydland-Prescott (or in a specific application in Smets-Wouters), but IS-LM isn't called Keynes-Hicks as far as I know. Maybe it is. Economists frequently call it Arrow-Debreu (or ADM) instead of general equilibrium; maybe that is because the theorem wasn't constructive.
DSGE (dynamic stochastic general equilibrium), general equilibrium and the supply and demand/diagram based (partial equilibrium) models like IS-LM and AD-AS are all pretty close to being frameworks. And because of that, they tend to get called something more techincal.
Quantum mechanics isn't called Heisenberg-Schrodinger, QED isn't called Feynman-Schwinger-Tomonaga, QCD isn't called Gross-Wilczek, and the standard model isn't called Einstein-Feynman-Schwinger-Tomonaga-Gross-Wilczek-Gell-Mann-Weinberg-Glashow-Salam-Higgs-Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (I've left some people off because I'm lazy).
There are a couple of places where a bunch of names get attached to something in physics, however. BRST quantization (Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin) and DGLAP evolution (Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi) come to mind. But these are specific methods or equations needed to do something (quantize a non-Abelian gauge theory and "evolve" a quark or gluon distribution from one energy scale to another, respectively).
Now this isn't a hard and fast rule and there are probably many exceptions out there. Newtonian physics is one that immediately comes to mind (the technical term is [classical] mechanics, though). But that may just reinforce my point. Newton came along in a time when advances in physics were defined by the people describing them, which, as I describe in my link above, is where I see macroeconomics. "Newtonian" may just be a hold-over from a framework-less time as we don't refer to Einsteinian or Heisenbergian physics (for the relativistic and quantum corrections to Newton's theory).
Don't read this as a criticism -- this is not a bad thing, and I hope to have my name in one of those lists some day. It really means economics is in an exciting time, a period of discovery and flux. Some of those names at the top of the post will be in textbooks for hundreds of years.