## Saturday, July 30, 2016

### Economic temperature functions

There has been something that has bothered me about the temperature function in the partition function approach last used here : $f(\ell) = \log \ell < 0$ for $\ell < 1$ (or in the original application  in terms of money supply $m$). Typically the labor supply $\ell$ is large (millions of people employed), so this isn't a big deal. However it is possible for the "temperature" to go negative, which is a theoretical problem for small $\ell$. In thermodynamics, the analogous function is $f(T) = 1/T$, which is always positive.

Therefore I tried a different function $f(\ell) = \log (\ell + 1)$ (solid) which stays positive and approaches the original function (dashed) for $\ell \gg 1$:

The impact was fairly small on the results of  -- the largest difference comes in the ensemble average productivity $\langle p \rangle$ (right/second is from , left/first is new calculation):

There was negligible impact on the other results -- the unemployment rate even showed a slight improvement (first is new calculation, second is from ):

Overall, a minor impact empirically, but fairly important theoretically.

...

Update 22 September 2016

I should note that if $A \rightleftarrows L$ with IT index $p$, we have

$$A = A_{ref} \left( \frac{L}{L_{ref}} \right)^{p}$$

If $L \equiv L_{ref} + \ell$, then we can rewrite the previous statement as

$$A \sim \exp \left( p \log (\ell + 1) \right)$$

so that the original motivation for the partition function (in  above) would tell us that $f(\ell) = \log (\ell + 1)$.